Brand aid: The basics of branding

written by Tim Berry of Palo Alto Software


Branding is one of the most important aspects of any business, large or small, retail or business to business. An effective brand strategy gives you a major edge in increasingly competitive markets. But what exactly does “branding” mean? How does it affect a small business like yours?

Branding basics
Simply put, your brand is your promise to your customer. It tells them what they can expect from your products and services, and it differentiates your offering from your competition’s offering. Your brand is derived from who you are, who you want to be, and who people perceive you to be. Are you the innovative maverick in your industry, or the experienced, reliable one? Is your product the high-cost, high-quality option, or the low-cost, high-value option? You can’t be both, and you can’t be all things to all people. Who you are should be based to some extent on who your target customers want and need you to be. The foundation of your brand is your logo. Your website, packaging and promotional materials — all of which should integrate your logo — communicate your brand.

Brand strategy
Your brand strategy is how, what, where, when and to whom you plan on communicating and delivering on your brand messages. Where you advertise is part of your brand strategy. Your distribution channels are part of your brand strategy. And what you communicate visually and verbally are part of your brand strategy.

Brand equity
Consistent, strategic branding leads to strong brand equity, which means the “added value” brought to your company’s products or services which allows you to charge more for your brand than what identical, unbranded products command. The most obvious example of this is Coke vs. generic soda. Because Coca-Cola has built powerful brand equity, it can charge more for its product. The “added value” intrinsic to brand equity frequently comes in the form of perceived quality or emotional attachment. For example, Nike associates its products with star athletes, hoping customers will transfer their emotional attachment from the athlete to the product. It’s not just the shoe’s features and benefits that sell the shoe.

Defining your brand
Defining your brand is like a journey of corporate self-discovery. It can be difficult, time-consuming and uncomfortable. It requires, at the very least, answers to the questions below:

  • What is the mission of your company?
  • What are the benefits and features of your products/services?
  • What do your customers and prospects already think of your company?
  • What qualities do you want them to associate with your company?

Do your research. Learn the needs, habits, and desires of your current and prospective customers. Don’t rely on what you think they think. Know what they think. Because defining your brand and developing a brand strategy can be complex, consider leveraging the expertise of a nonprofit small-business advisory group or a U.S. Small Business Development Center.

Jump-start your branding
Once you’ve defined your brand, how do you get the word out? Here are a few simple, time-tested tips:

  • Get a great logo. Place it everywhere.
  • Write down your brand messages. What are the key messages about your brand? Every employee should be aware of your brand attributes.
  • Integrate your brand. Branding extends to how you answer your phones, what you wear on sales calls, your e-mail signature — everything.
  • Create a “voice” for your company that reflects your brand. This voice should be applied to all written communication and in the visual imagery on all materials, online and off. Is your brand friendly? Be conversational. Is it ritzy? Be more formal. You get the gist.
  • Develop a tagline. Write a memorable, meaningful, and concise statement that captures the essence of your brand.
  • Design templates and create brand standards for marketing materials. Use the same color scheme, logo placement, look and feel throughout. You don’t need to be fancy, just consistent.
  • Be true to your brand. Customers won’t return to you — or refer you to someone else — if you don’t deliver on your brand promise.
  • BE CONSISTENT. I placed this last only because it involves all of the above. It is the most important tip I can give you.

Tim Berry

about the author

Tim Berry

Founder and President of Palo Alto Software and a renowned planning expert. He is listed in the index of "Fire in the Valley", by Swaine and Freiberger, the history of the personal computer industry. Tim contributes regularly to the bplans blog, the as well as his own blog, Planning, Startups, Stories. His full biography is available at Follow Tim onGoogle +


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Nekedria Pryor April 21, 2010 at 4:39 pm

This article gave me a lot of insight on how to market and sell your business. Also how to be consistent when using your brandname and logo's to promote your business

Brand aid: The basics of branding by Tim Berry May 26, 2010 at 7:32 am

[...] Done that? Time to jump­start your brand, con­tinue read­ing here. [...]

24 Blog Posts About Business Branding Strategies August 23, 2012 at 3:09 pm

[...] (PPC) advertising is profitable and easy, but there are many things to consider before signing up! | Brand Aid: The Basics of Branding – An explanation of branding basics – defining, solidifying, strategy, and equity [...]

Mohamed November 5, 2012 at 4:46 am

Praise be to those who made this information clear to me. I was seeking some definition and tips about branding, Thanks to this article, I got it! If possible, I need to know more about packaging and branding Mohamed

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